Axel Bader, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Büsgenweg Göttingen, Germany
Christoph Riegert, Bavarian Forest State Forest Service,Regensburg, Germany
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Reflecting on forest functions links forestry and the society since the 19th century, thus demanding early forms of interdisciplinarity. In this essay we trace back the history of the research on forest functions to its very beginning. We present the most influential conceptualizations on this topic in the last 180 years. Including forestry science, political science, history, and economics, protagonists met this challenge by showing an interdisciplinary interest in their other works, too. Since the 19th century, many different terms have been used to describe the relationship between forestry and society, including ‘forest uses’, ‘forest effects’, ‘forest tasks’, and ‘meanings’. This did not only lead to a confusing use of terms but the protagonists did not build on, and connect with each other either. For that reason, a research tradition could not be established. The overview of the development of the different terms is followed by a suggestion to amalgamate the concepts: Today, a society’s demands to a forest should be named ‘tasks’ of a forest. If the forest is producing ‘natural effects’ that make it possible to satisfy these ‘tasks’, we should talk about ‘services’ that are delivered by the forest.
Michael Dan Archer, School of Art and Design, Loughborough University
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Michael Dan Archer, British Sculptor and Senior Lecturer in Fine Art at Loughborough University School of the Arts in the UK is currently working on a project with Ray Leslie, Professor of Chemistry at Nottingham University, James Davis, Nottingham Trent University, Simon Austin, Professor of Structural Engineering at Loughborough University, Tony Thorpe, Civil and Building Engineering, Loughborough University on a project to illustrate the volume of the Carbon Footprint of an average British family through a large sculptural tower partly based on the form of a carbon nanotube and partly on the shape of a power station cooling tower.
Kanta Kochhar-Lindgren, University of Washington, Bothell
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Place: Athipatti, a fictional South Indian village
Vellaisamy: Can I trouble you for a little water?
Vellaisamy: Why do you laugh when I ask you for water?
Kovalu: To ask a man for his wife is not a sin in this village. But to ask him for water is a great sin.
Thaneer Thaneer (Water!) Komal Swaminathan
“Dramatizing Water: Performance, Anthropology, and the Transnational” investigates how “dramatizing water” can act as a constellation that links the basic substance of life to translocal performances across a continuum that spans water in everyday life, in ritual, and as it appears on a formalized stage. A brief genealogy of examples is developed across the everyday and ritual, but the primary focus in on the late Tamil playwright Komal Swaminathan’s 1980 Thaneer Thaneer (Water!) and its relevance as a prototype for political drama on water. There is currently a profound global crisis around water distribution and “dramatizing water” indexes an attempt to chart the possibilities of moving toward a differently configured space for our water-practices, toward an alternative and more sustainable performative cartography of water.
Norbert Oyibo Eze, University Of Nigeria, Nsukka
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Johnny Igbonekwu observes that ‘an obvious primal instinctive human quest” is to “conquer the world” but he equally notes that man has not been able to achieve this goal, in spite of his “formidable intellectual assaults on the multifarious stupendous mysteries of the world” (Talk About Man 1). The quest for all manner of domination-economic, political, territorial, and spatial, etc, has driven man into invention and mindless application of technology which in choking nature, cause it to frequently retaliate through global warming, tsunami, landslide, erosion, and flooding of different dimensions. The constant decimation of human lives, businesses, buildings, and municipal services as well as the emergence of perturbing diseases owing to these palpable effects of natural disaster, force the issue of climate change to occupy a significant place in the world of environmental studies and research. This paper seeks to explain the place of drama in tackling the problem of climate change through a detailed analysis and interpretation of Greg Mbajiorgu’s Wake Up Everyone considered to be a giant impact assessment study and provocative wake-up call.