Imagining the “Enemy”: Adversarial Roles in Rabindranath Tagore’s Short Stories

Mohammad A. Quayum

Professor, Department of English Language and Literature, International Islamic University Malaysia. Email:


Volume 8, Number 4, 2016 I Full Text PDF

DOI: 10.21659/rupkatha.v8n4.09

Received September 09, 2016; Accepted September 19, 2016; Published January 14, 2017


This essay investigates Rabindranath Tagore’s portrayal of antagonists or adversarial characters in a select body of his short stories, and argues that his perception of the antagonist is rooted in the influences of the Upanishads and the Bhagavad-Gita on his literary sensibility. Cut off from the paramatman and their antar-karana, his antagonists live in adviya and in rajasic or tamasic states.

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