Z. A. Aimukhambet1, A. Abdilmanatkyzy2, K. Baitanasova3, A. Seiputanova4, K. Kurmambayeva5
1, 2, 3 L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Kazakhstan, Astana, Almaty district, K.Munaytpasov street 5.
4Sarsen Amanzholov East State University, Kazakhstan, East Kazakhstan region, Ust-Kamenogorsk, 34 Tridtsatoy Gvardeiskoy Divizii street.
5Semey State University named after Shakarim, Kazakhstan, Semey, 20a Glinka street.
Received February 23, 2017; Revised April 24, 2017; Accepted April 30, 2017; Published May 7, 2017.
The article deals with the poetic nature of binary opposition in the mythology of literature. The structural method played an important role in revealing the nature of binary opposition in the structure of myth. The introduction of the article includes the theoretical significance of this method and the fact that the oppositional character of mythical worldview was the basis of dialectical development. The mythological motives and personages characterize the development of life, forming an opposition pair. The examples on the fact that oppositional pairs of mythical motives and characters constitute binary-dyadic integrity by complementing each other are represented. The controversial double forms of the dyad in mythical knowledge towards the paired phenomena and concepts is analyzed with mythical narration and concluded on the basis of scientists-mythologists’ conclusions. The nature of phenomena and concepts between the dyad Chaos-Space and the opposition life-death are regarded in literary aspect and in the framework of the cultural-historical analysis. The idea about the important role of the mythical “binary-dyadic” structure in presenting the conflictive nature of a man in the world and national literature has been formulated. Interpretation of mythological thinking in poetics is given through motive, struggle and artistic images. Interpretation of binary opposition in poetic knowledge in the structure of myth is analyzed with references to some literary works.
Keywords: myth, binary opposition, structuralism, dyadic structure, chaos, space, good, evil, antithesis, Anima, Animus, oxymoron, antonym, protagonist, antagonist, historical consciousness, artistic knowledge, poetics.